The FDC above was sent to me by Florian. Danke schön, Florian!
The history of Prague (capital of Czech Republic today) dates back to the Palaeolithic era, the Prague basin being one of the most densely populated regions of Bohemia throughout the prehistoric period.
In the 13th century, King Wenceslas I raised Prague to the status of a town, and his son Premysl Ottokar II founded the first Prague New Town, known today as Malá Strana. Under Emperor Karl IV and his son Wenceslas IV, the town flourished as the imperial residence of the Holy Roman Empire. Read more here.